The Peak District is an upland area in England at the southern end of the Pennines. It is mostly in northern Derbyshire, but also includes parts of Cheshire, Greater Manchester, Staffordshire, West Yorkshire and South Yorkshire. An area of great diversity, it is split into the Dark Peak to the north, east and west, where most of the moorland is found and the geology is gritstone and on the limestone area, the White Peak.
The Peak District National Park became the first national park in the United Kingdom in 1951. With its proximity to the cities of Sheffield, Manchester, Stoke-on-Trent and Derby, and access by road and rail, it attracts millions of visitors every year.
Inhabited from the Mesolithic era, evidence exits from the Neolithic, Bronze and Iron Ages. Settled by the Romans and Anglo-Saxons, the area remained largely agricultural and mining grew in importance in the medieval era. Richard Arkwright built his cotton mills at the start of the Industrial Revolution. Quarrying became important as mining declined. Tourism grew after the advent of the railways, visitors attracted by the landscape, spa towns at Buxton and Matlock Bath, Bakewell, the national park's only town and Castleton's show caves.
For more information please visit www.peakdistrict.gov.uk
Address: Peak District National Park Authority, Aldern House, Baslow Road, Bakewell, Derbyshire DE45 1AE.
Telephone: +44 1629 816 200